2009 | Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)
Governments and state-owned enterprises purchase a wide variety of goods, services and public works from the private sector, from basic computer equipment to the construction of roads. Public procurement is a key economic activity of governments that represents a significant percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) generating huge financial flows, estimated on average at 10-15% of GDP across the world.1 An effective procurement system plays a strategic role in governments for avoiding mismanagement and waste of public funds. The OECD played a pioneer role in recognising the importance of good governance in public procurement. The Principles are anchored in four pillars: transparency, good management, prevention of misconduct, accountability and control in order to enhance integrity in public procurement. The overall aim is to enhance integrity efforts so that they are fully part of an efficient and effective management of public resources. The Principles reflect a global view of policies and practices that have proved effective for enhancing integrity in procurement. They are intended to be used in conjunction with identified good practices from governments in various regions of the world. Furthermore, a Checklist was developed to provide a practical tool for procurement officials on how to implement this framework at each stage of the procurement cycle. The report also gives a comprehensive map of risks that can help auditors prevent, as well as detect, fraud and corruption. Finally, it features a case study on Morocco, where a pilot application of the Principles was carried out.
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